It follows that the additional radiation exposure due to eating a banana lasts only for a few hours after ingestion, . the time it takes for the normal potassium content of the body to be restored by the kidneys. The EPA conversion factor, on the other hand, is based on the mean time needed for the isotopic mix of potassium isotopes in the body to return to the natural ratio after being disturbed by the ingestion of pure 40 K, which was assumed by EPA to be 30 days.  If the assumed time of residence in the body is reduced by a factor of ten, for example, the estimated equivalent absorbed dose due to the banana will be reduced in the same proportion.
It has been estimated that up to half of antibiotic use in hospitals is unnecessary and inappropriate. In fact, Premier/CDC research found that 78% of hospitals were overprescribing redundant combinations of intravenous (IV) antibiotics for two or more days. In addition, antibiotic overuse and misuse have spurred the spread of Clostridium difficile infections that can cause life-threatening colitis. In a recent study on the impact of , Premier found that the majority of cases analyzed were associated with concomitant antibiotic use.